Fire Safety Regulations - Fire Safety Order 2005
Since 01/10/2006 every company has been required by law to carry out a fire risk assessment to ensure compliance with Fire Safety Regulations, Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005, and to identify precautions that need to be taken to improve fire safety.
The Order applies in England and Wales. It covers general fire precautions and other fire safety duties which are needed to protect 'relevant persons' in case of fire in and around most 'premises'. The Order requires fire precautions to be put in place 'where necessary' and to the extent that it is reasonable and practicable in the circumstances of the case.
Responsibility for complying with the Order rests with the 'responsible person'. In a workplace, this is the employer and any other person who may have control of any part of the premises, e.g. the occupier or owner. In all other premises the person or people in control of the premises will be responsible. If there is more than one responsible person in any type of premises (e.g. a multi-occupied complex), all must take all reasonable steps to co-ordinate with each other.
If you are the responsible person you must carry out a fire risk assessment which must focus on the safety in case of fire of all 'relevant persons'. It should pay particular attention to those at special risk, such as disabled people, those who you know have special needs and young persons, and must include consideration of any dangerous substance liable to be on the premises. Your fire risk assessment will help you identify risks that can be removed or reduced and to decide the nature and extent of the general fire precautions you need to take.
The responsible person must make sufficient assessment of the risks posed to all people on the premises. This should identify potential sources of ignition (e.g. heaters, naked flames etc.), sources of fuel (e.g. display material, paper and fabric, stocked products, waste etc.), sources of oxygen (e.g. compressed gases, natural ventilation, forced air circulation etc.) It should identify the people at risk (e.g. those working near to fire hazards, those working alone or in isolated areas, children, parents, elderly, infirm and disabled people etc.)
If your organisation employs five or more people, your premises are licensed or an alterations notice is in force, you must record the significant findings of the assessment. It is good practice to record your significant findings in any case. There are some other fire safety duties you need to comply with:
You must appoint one or more competent persons, depending on the size and use of your premises, to carry out any of the preventive and protective measures required by the Order1 (you can nominate yourself for this purpose). A competent person is someone with enough training and experience or knowledge and other qualities to be able to implement these measures properly.
You must provide your employees with clear and relevant information on the risks to them identified by the fire risk assessment, about the measures you have taken to prevent fires, and how these measures will protect them if a fire breaks out.
This is a brief outline of part of the fire safety regulations. If you would like more detailed information or a free fire safety survey please call Andy Dearden on 0800 862 0447 or contact Fire Risk Assessment .net online. We are always happy to help.